Because the Web changes constantly, and because the same article may be found in multiple places, MLA does not require URLs in works cited entries; HOWEVER, teachers may still require that URLs be included. If this is the case (as likely it will be), place the URL in angle brackets after the date of access. Line breaks for URLs should only occur after slashes. All examples on this page include the URLs.
n.p. = no publisher. This indicates that no publisher or sponsor has been provided
n.d. = no date. This indicates that no publication date has been provided.
Below is the information that should be located when using an electronic source. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information; however, identify as much of the following information as possible:
· Author and/or editor names (if available)
· Article name (if applicable)
· Title of the Web site
· Any version or revision numbers available such as revisions, posting dates, volumes, or issue numbers
· Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date
· Page numbers (if available)
· Date you accessed the material.
· URL (if required).
Basic Format (Include all available information):
Lastname, Firstname. Name of Site. Version number. Name of organization or
publisher affiliated with the site, Date of publication, creation, or update. Web.
Date of access. < URL if required >
American Studies at the University of Virginia. University of Virginia, 1 Sept. 2009. Web.
17 Sept. 2010. < http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/front.html>.
The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U,
2008. Web. 10 Sept. 2010. < http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/>.
Reuben, Paul P. PAL: Perspectives in American Literature—A Research and Reference
Guide. California State University, 17 May 2010. Web. 13 Sept. 2010.
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Page.” Name of Site. Version number. Name of
institution, organization, sponsor or publisher affiliated with the site, Date of
publication, creation, or update. Web. Date of Access. < URL if required >
Jaggard, Victoria. “Saturn’s Largest Moon Has Ingredients for Life?” National
Geographic. National Geographic Society. 8 Oct. 2010. Web. 12 Oct. 2010.
§ In this example, no publishing date or date of most recent revision is available:
Kendall, Richard J. “Edgar Degas Biography.” Biography.com. Encyclopedia Britannica.
n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2010. < http://www.biography.com/articles/Edgar-Degas-
§ In this example, no publisher, publishing date or date of most recent revision is available:
Alexander, Scott. “Louis ‘Satchmo’ Armstrong (1901-1971).” The Red Hot Jazz Archive.
n.p. n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. < http://www.redhotjazz.com/louie.html> .
Artist’s Lastname, Firstname. Title of Work of Art. Date of Creation. Medium of
composition. Institution Where Work Can Be Found, City. Title of Website. Web.
Date of Access. < URL if required >
Degas, Edgar. Edmondo and Therese Morbili. 1865. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of
Art, Washington, D.C. National Gallery of Art. Web. 12 Oct. 2010.
§ In this example, this photograph is cited only on the Web. In this case, cite the artist’s name, the title of the work, the medium of the work, and then follow the citation format for a website.
Lange, Dorthea. “Migrant Mother.” 1936. Photograph. American Memory. Library of
Congress. n.d. 12 Oct. 2010. < http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/fsa.8b29516/ >
Parenthetical Citations: Use the artist’s last name (or title, if no artist if provided) only.
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Web Magazine. Publisher, Publication
Date. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. < URL if required >
Kreps, Daniel. “Jon Stewart: Rallies Not a Response to Glenn Beck.” Rolling Stone.
Wenner Media Websites, 30 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Oct. 2010.
Parenthetical Citation: Use the author’s last name (or title, if no author is provided) and the page number, if page number are provided by the publication.